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10 Steps to Creating a Campus Security Master Plan

Incorporating construction plans, ensuring equipment interoperability and determining future security personnel needs are just some of the measures campuses should incorporate to improve their overall safety and security.

By Jeff W. Fields

These steps will help you create the best plan when incorporated with considerations of the unique characteristics of your campus.
December 14, 2015

Hospitals, schools and universities have historically focused their physical security efforts on areas perceived to be known threats or in response to issues or events that have occurred in the past. Reactive responses to issues and events, however, should not be the primary driver of campus or school security.

Recently, campus security directors and police officials have started taking a hard look at their campus protection programs, and many have discovered that security master plans can be an excellent way to improve overall safety.

Campuses that create these types of plans will be better prepared to build a program that provides the level of information, control and awareness necessary to be proactive in mitigating risks, as well as responding to incidents.

There are many steps in the development of a security master plan. The form it takes hinges on the current condition of the campus and the processes that are in place and operational. There is not a canned approach to creating or improving a physical security design. Each campus is unique and must be customized to fit the needs, concerns and expectations of its constituents.

To develop an effective plan, it is critical to document the campus’ security mission and physical security objectives, in addition to equipment and technology to be used in securing the campus. The security master plan must also take into consideration the impact and effect it will have on the population of the campus and the level of control needed to create a sense of security and safety by those working, visiting, living, and/or occupying space there.

The steps listed in the slideshow will help you create the best plan for your healthcare or educational institution.

It is important to remember that no security measures, no matter how sophisticated and effective, can completely eliminate every possible threat. Security programs should primarily be aimed at preventing and mitigating crime.


Jeff W. Fields, PSP, CHS III is a physical security consultant with over 20 years of experience developing and managing security, safety and private law enforcement services for medical, educational, manufacturing, retail, residential and commercial industries.

10 Steps to Creating a Campus Security Master Plan




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